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Emergency lighting is an essential component for any business in contemporary times. It ensures a safe and smooth evacuation from a building during catastrophic events by providing illumination and enabling the people to see clearly, avoid obstacles, and move confidently to the nearest safe space amidst a crisis. The National Fire Code of Canada, 1995 mandates that all buildings have exit lighting, exit signs, and emergency lighting. Exit lighting and exit signs should be illuminated during the time a building is occupied, and emergency lights ought to be regularly maintained in conformance with governmental regulations.
Therefore, it is imperative for all building owners to hire a commercial electrical service and update the emergency lights. Now that we have touched upon the basics of emergency lighting let us dovetail into the topic of emergency light repair in further detail.
Batteries that can be recharged in the event of a power outage are used to power emergency lights. The batteries are installed directly within the emergency lights or supplied to the source via a secondary backup power supply. Nevertheless, it is noteworthy to remember that it is essential that each emergency light remain active for at least three to four hours after a mains power supply outage. However, the minimum requirement is around one hour for cases wherein the occupants can evacuate the building rapidly. Some of the typical businesses that require a three-hour duration of emergency lighting system include sleeping accommodations such as hotels, hospitals, and boarding schools, recreational facilities like theatres and restaurants, and non-residential public buildings like libraries, shopping malls, etc. Consequently, some businesses requiring a one-hour emergency lighting system include industrial facilities, teaching centers, research facilities, and so forth. Now that we know the functioning of an emergency lighting system let us understand the different emergency lighting requirements as per the location of the building.
In addition, some other building areas that may require emergency lighting include lifts and moving staircases, corridor intersections, toilet facilities if they are larger than eight square meters, etc. Again, an adept commercial electrical agency is needed to guide building owners with the installation, repair, maintenance, and even replacement of the emergency lighting system.
There exist a massive assortment of emergency light fixtures, and some of the common ones are –
They work as a standard light fitting during regular times and are connected and controlled with all other lights of a building together. A maintained emergency light provides normal levels of illumination when the mains power is available and will operate on battery power at reduced illumination when the mains power fails. They are typically used in car parks and fire stairs.
They are not illuminated until the main power fails. Non-maintained emergency lights are not connected to the mains and are usually used as emergency exits in commercial offices.
They consist of two or more lights, wherein at least one of them is powered up from the emergency ballast, and the other is powered via the standard mains electricity supply.
Now that we know about the nitty-gritty of emergency lighting systems let us get into the details of their repair and replacement.
The National Fire Code of Canada mandates that building owners should regularly maintain and repair emergency lighting systems. There are heavy penalties such as fines, building limitations, imprisonment, etc., in case of inconsistencies and slacking with timely repair and replacement of emergency lighting. Therefore, regular testing and repair of emergency lighting systems are crucial to ensure the safety of people and also to stay away from legal troubles.
Getting in touch with a certified commercial electrical service provider that deals with emergency lighting repair in Edmonton is crucial for every building owner or business venture. Various manual and automatic tests are available nowadays to investigate the functioning of an emergency lighting system and take action accordingly.
So, there we have it, a comprehensive overview of emergency lighting systems. Needless to say, an emergency light system is a veritable requirement for any commercial building or other types of public spaces susceptible to evacuation risks. They ease the process of moving people away from an area during crises and avoid tragedies of all sorts. Moreover, the Canadian Building regulations mandate installing and regularly repairing emergency lights, and failure to do so carries hefty penalties.
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